Gum surgery is performed to improve the life of gum tissues and teeth and to control the factors that give rise to periodontal infection. The surgery involves bringing back the contact between gum tissues and teeth surface. Gum pockets are eliminated during the procedure. Certain medical conditions like uncontrolled diabetes and cardiovascular disease may not be suitable for performing the periodontal surgery. Alcohol consumption should be avoided after the surgery is complete.
Scaling and root planing also called as deep cleaning is performed to remove tarter and infectious bacteria from the surface of the teeth and roots. Dentists use special tools to remove the tarter from the gum pockets and teeth surface. This can cure and prevent gum diseases. If left untreated periodontal diseases can affect the teeth roots and cause them to loosen and fall out. The process of scaling and root planing can be done in multiple visits. This depends on the amount of tarter present over teeth. After the procedure is complete patients should follow the tips provided by dentists and visit the practice routinely to keep the periodontal disease in control.